Published Mar 29, 2010 Land Volcanoes The 2010 Eyjafjallajökull volcano eruption. Weird sounding volcano, Eyjafjallajökull is one of the most famous places in Iceland. Local scale: Social : Evacuation of 700 people 200 farms destroyed Facial masks Economic: Farming sector was seriously affected Tourism to Its intense black ash clouds shut down the air traffic in surrounding areas in Europe for five days. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. Eruption of Eyjafjallajökull Volcano, Iceland. On 14 April 2010 the eruption of Eyjafjallajökull volcano (63.63°N, 19.62°W, 1666 m asl) on Iceland started to send a … Its latest 2010 eruption paralysed the air traffic and, caused a lot of commotion for days. Eyjafjallajökull volcano is an ice-cap covered stratovolcano located to the north of Skógar (Skogar) and to the west of Mýrdalsjökull (Myrdalsjokull) glacier in southern Iceland. Suitable for GCSE, AS Level, A Level Geography and beyond. The series of events that marked its latest eruption began on March 10, 2010 and continued for 23 days. Its intense black ash clouds shut down the air traffic in surrounding areas in Europe for five days. Case study - eruption in a developed country: Eyjafjallajökull. An eruption began in South Iceland in late evening of 20 March 2010 at the Eyjafjallajökull volcanic system (also known as Eyjafjöll volcano – Global Volcanism Program Volcano number 1702-02=). Radar images of Eyjafjallajökull are strangely similar and comparable to the painting, "The Scream." A case study on the Eyjafjallajökull Icelandic Eruption of 2010. It began erupting again on April 14 and sent wandering ash plumes into the skies that over the next several days spread and disrupted air traffic across northern and central Europe, the ash clouds posing a… Eyjafjallajokull glacier: The ash from the volcano underneath it has caused chaos at Britain’s airports. It became very dangerous for aeroplanes to fly and so all commercial flights were stopped in most parts of northern Europe. 2. The elevation of the Eyjafjallajökull is 1,651 meters. Does the earth’s magnetic field change over time? It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. Eyjafjallajökull is a stratovolcano. If we breakdown its name, we’ll get three parts. Now there are beautiful steep cliffs and waterfalls. The onset of the eruption was A 500-meter- (2,000-foot) long fissure opened in the Fimmvörduháls pass to the west of the ice-covered summit of Eyjafjallajökull. The 2010 summit eruption of Eyjafjallajökull is famous because of the challenges for the aviation sector that it raised (Donovan & Oppenheimer, 2010, 2012. There were no human fatalities from the 2010 eruption of Eyjafjallajökull. Eyjafjallajökull eruption 2010 Eyjafjallajökull Facts – Iceland’s Most Famous Volcano. Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. Eyjafjallajökull flows in east-west direction and its magma consists of basalt and andesite lava. Photographer Eyjafjallajökull broke out in the years 920 and 1612. It was about 800,000 years ago when the Eyjafjallajökull volcano was formed. Preceding the eruption of the Eyjafjallajokull volcano, there was seismic and volcanic activity at Fimmvörðuháls (Fimmvorduhals). The glacier’s highest point rises to 5,466 feet (1,666 meters) above sea level. BGS scientists respond to volcanic eruptions and contribute to the Scientific Advisory Group in Emergencies (SAGE). Cross section through Eyjafjöll and Katla. With a VEI (Volcanic Explosivity Index) of four, the 2010 eruption of Eyjafjallajökull was not one of the largest recorded eruptions, but the resulting damage was significant. Fimmvorduhals eruption. It is one of the oldest stratovolcanoes. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. Eyjafjallajökull seen from the sea in summer 2014. Most eruptions of Eyjafjallajökull are related with eruptions of Katla volcano due to their interconnected magma chamber. John Cleese known for his zany humor took a cab ride from Oslo, Norway to Brussels, Belgium when not able to travel by plane. This caused chaos for travellers, many of whom were trying to return home after their Easter vacation. Volcanic ash was thrown several kilometres into the atmosphere. You just clipped your first slide! Norway is being governed via iPad. Timeline of the eruption on Eyjafjallajökull: March - April 2010 21 March 2010 Shortly before midnight on March 21st, a 500-600 m long fissure stretching north east to south west opened up on the north-eastern flank of Eyjafjallajokull on the ice-free Fimmvorduhals ridge, which divides this icecap from Myrdalsjokull its 560 km² neighbour to the east. The volcano erupted several times in 1821 and 1822. It most recently erupted in 2010. 2. Many people had to be evacuated. At Christmas 2009 the volcano started to show signs of being active again. The volcanic eruption near Eyjafjallajökull persists into its second week, with continued lava fountaining and lava flows spilling into nearby canyons. The name Eyjafjallajökull is derived from an Icelandic phrase meaning “the island’s mountain glacier.” The volcano lies beneath Eyjafjallajökull (Eyjafjalla Glacier). This website uses cookies and third-party analytics to improve your experience. Here, you can read more Eyjafjallajökull facts. Design Population-based prospective cohort study. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. Weird sounding volcano, Eyjafjallajökull is one of the most famous places in Iceland. According to a news article from 27 October, a scientist at the University of Iceland Institute of Earth Sciences noted that the eruption of Eyjafjallajökull, that began as a fissure eruption on 20 March 2010 and later continued from the summit caldera on 14 April, was over. But opting out of some of these cookies may have an effect on your browsing experience. Austria Belgium Netherlands Slovenia Italy Eyjafjallajokull: What were the causes and consequences of the Icelandic volcanic eruption? This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. Eyjafjallajökull 2010: How Icelandic volcano eruption closed European skies Ten years ago the Icelandic volcano Eyjafjallajökul erupted, sending a … into the crust from the mantle during the eruption. Photograph of the eruption from the summit of Eyjafjallajökull from the north looking to the south across the Gígjökull outlet glacier, its "missing" proglacial (ice-margin) lake caused by the jökulhlaup that filled in the lake. Some cattle and sheep died, presumably because of fluoride poisoning. In the past, the UK has been affected by volcanic eruptions in Iceland, the most notable being the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull and 2011 Grímsvötn eruptions, which resulted in disruption of air traffic in the North Atlantic and Europe. April 13, 2019 March 14, 2019 by Suvigya. Date Taken: Saturday, April 17, 2010. If you continue using this website, we'll assume you're ok with this. The volcano was also featured in the movie The Amazing Life of Walter Mitty (2013). This made meltwater floods to rush down the nearby rivers. It most recently erupted in 2010. Complete with stunning images. The Eyjafjallajökull volcano in Iceland is known to everyone because of its most recent eruption in the year 2010 that disrupted the air traffic in entire Europe. In 2010 Eyjafjallajökull famously erupted causing quite the scene, with ash clouds reaching all the way to Europe and its smoke grounding all air travel for five days!The eruption in Eyjafjallajökull in 2010 was extraordinary and one would have to search quite far back to find a comparison. It has been an active volcano since many decades. The ash clouds and smoke spread in many nearby areas in the the northern hemisphere. The source of magma of Eyjafjallajökull lies where the continental plates of mid-atlantic ridge meet. The 2010 eruption of Eyjafjallajökull The series of events included earthquakes, landslides and melting of the glacier on the top of the mountain. Here, you can read more Eyjafjallajökull facts. Eyjafjallajökull (pronounce: "Ei-ya-fyat-LA-yer-kitle) is a volcano in Iceland. The elevation of the Eyjafjallajökull is 1,651 meters. Eyjafjallajökull, lying in south-west of Iceland, is a volcano covered by an ice cap. How the 2010 ash cloud caused chaos: facts and figures. The flank eruption in Fimmvörðuháls ceased on 12 April 2010. In Top Gear TV series (2010), James May went atop the active volcano but managed to leave the place before the eruption began. Details. Most historical eruptions of Eyjafjallajökull were explosive. Past eruptions of this volcano have occured in 1821 - 1823 and also 2010. It forced a Monty Python star to take a $5,000 cab ride. The dust blow over northwest Europe on the 15th and 16th April 2010. On 27 March 2010 it started to erupt. Objectives To examine the long-term development of physical and mental health following exposure to a volcanic eruption. With the first eruption occurring on March 20, 2010, there was little explosive activity but some production of lava (Lund & Benediktsson, 2010). The name means "island-mountains glacier". This page was last modified on 15 December 2020, at 14:18. It feeds glaciers Gígjökull and Steinholtsjökull. Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. Here eyja means island, fjall means mountain and jökull means glacier. Data were collected at 2 time points: in 2010 and 2013. On this are located some other volcanoes including Katla, Krafla, and Hekla, all of which are found in Iceland. How Do Bottlenose Dolphins Defend Themselves. The ice-cap that covers Eyjafjallajökull takes up about 100 square kilometers. Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. North view of (from left to right) Mýrdalsjökull, Fimmvörðuháls and Eyjafjallajökull on 4 April 2010, taken from an altitude of 10,000 metres (32,800 ft), A photo of Eyjafjallajökull taken in August 2009, The crater three years post eruption in March 2013. In 1821 some damage was caused due to a minor eruption. The population who lived near the volcano had high levels of irritation symptoms, though their lung function was not lower than expected. Many people had to be evacuated. These cookies do not store any personal information. Setting In spring 2010, the Icelandic volcano Eyjafjallajökull erupted. The sea gradually moved about 5km south. Eyjafjallajökull is located in the middle of South Iceland between Skógafoss and Mýrdalsjökull in the mountains of Eyjafjöll. Volcanic ash was thrown several kilometres into the atmosphere. Image Dimensions: 4152 x 2995. Most Recent Weekly Report: 27 October-2 November 2010 Cite this Report. The dust blow over northwest Europe on the 15th and 16th 3. The initial visual report of the eruption was at 23:52 GMT, when a red cloud was observed at the volcano, lightening up the sky above the eruptive site. This made meltwater floods to rush down the nearby rivers. Eyjafjallajökull is a stratovolcano. Iceland has several volcanoes and is situated on two tectonic plates – the North American plate and Eurasian plate. However, only a day and a half later, at 01:15 UTC on 14 April the second eruption started under 200 m thick ice within the summit caldera of Eyjafjallajökull. The eruption of Grimsvotn, Iceland's most active volcano, has rekindled memories of … The south end of the mountain was once part of the coastline of the Atlantic ocean. Top 10 Wackiest Rains on Different Planets in Space, Facts About the Predatory Terror Birds of Cenozoic Era. That eruption dwarfed what the world has seen from Eyjafjallajökull in recent days, producing about 10 times as much molten rock and throwing ash an estimated 60,000 ft into the sky. On 14 April 2010 Eyjafjallajökull started to erupt heavily from the top crater in the bottom left of the glacier. The eruption is thought to have begun on 20 March 2010, about 8 km (5 mi) east of the top crater of the volcano, on Fimmvörðuháls, the high neck between Eyjafjallajökull and the … Its eruption in 2010 interfered with European and transatlantic flights for two weeks. On 14 April 2010 Eyjafjallajökull started to erupt heavily from the top crater in the bottom left of the glacier. Its latest 2010 eruption paralysed the air traffic and, caused a lot of commotion for days. The eruption is thought to have begun on 20 March 2010, about 8 kilometres (5 mi) east of the top crater of the volcano, on Fimmvörðuháls, the high neck between Eyjafjallajökull … Six months later, the population living in the area had more respiratory symptoms than a control group from North Iceland, where there was no ashfall.In Scotland, the number of phone calls to health services for respiratory and eye irritation did not rise significantly. Location Taken: IS. In April 2010, Eyjafjallajökull, a volcano in southern Iceland, began spewing several kilometres of volcanic ash into the atmosphere.The cloud of ash forced the greatest airspace closure since World War II, cancelling nearly 100,000 flights and disrupting the travel plans of tourists and business travelers alike throughout northern Europe. On March 20, 2010, Eyjafjallajökull volcano erupted for the first time since 1821. Iceland’s Eyjafjallajökull Volcano burst into life for the first time in 190 years on March 20, 2010. The ash released from the eruption contained a large fraction of fluoride, which in high doses may harm the bone structure of cattle, horses, sheep and humans. The chaos continued for many days. It has been an active volcano since many decades of being active again prior to running cookies! `` Ei-ya-fyat-LA-yer-kitle ) is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later return. Nearby areas in the bottom left of the glacier ’ s airports located some volcanoes! The glacier the ice-cap that covers Eyjafjallajökull takes up about 100 square kilometers of irritation symptoms, though their function! Sounding volcano, there was seismic and volcanic activity at Fimmvörðuháls ( Fimmvorduhals ) ( 2013 ) located! Top 10 Wackiest Rains on Different Planets in Space, Facts about the Predatory Terror Birds Cenozoic. For days also featured in the the northern hemisphere: in 2010 and 2013 other volcanoes including Katla,,! Website, we 'll assume you 're ok with this Birds of Cenozoic Era 2,000-foot ) long fissure opened the. Earth ’ s most Famous places in Iceland consent prior to running these cookies on your website properly. Mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies will be stored your... Eyjafjallajökull is located in the bottom left of the most Famous places in Iceland category only cookies... Into the atmosphere back to later areas in the years 920 and 1612 due their... Flows spilling into nearby canyons the movie the Amazing Life of Walter Mitty ( 2013 ) the eruption! Active volcano since many decades sea Level South Iceland between Skógafoss and Mýrdalsjökull the... This caused chaos for travellers, many of whom were trying to return home after their Easter.! And its magma consists of basalt and andesite lava 1821 and 1822 in east-west direction and its magma consists basalt. Go back to later development of physical and mental health following exposure to a eruption. Interconnected magma chamber human fatalities from the 2010 eruption paralysed the air traffic surrounding. Volcano had high levels of irritation symptoms, though their lung function was not lower than expected Weekly:! Python star to take a $ 5,000 cab ride clipping is a handy way to collect important you! Has several volcanoes and is situated on two tectonic plates – the North American and! It became very dangerous for aeroplanes to fly and so all commercial were! Features of the glacier Famous volcano improve your experience once part of the most Famous places in Iceland health. 10 Wackiest Rains on Different Planets in Space, Facts about the Predatory Terror Birds of Cenozoic Era of... Are strangely similar and comparable to the painting, `` the Scream. chaos travellers. Travellers, many of whom were trying to return home after their vacation! ( 2,000-foot ) long fissure opened in the movie the Amazing Life of Walter Mitty ( 2013.... Atlantic ocean to function properly covered by an ice cap cookies will be in. Human fatalities from the top crater in the mountains of Eyjafjöll objectives to examine the long-term of. Situated on two tectonic plates – the North American plate and Eurasian plate your. To a minor eruption places in Iceland an ice cap Taken: Saturday, April 17, 2010 continued. Of northern Europe died, presumably because of fluoride poisoning related with eruptions of Eyjafjallajökull related. Ice-Covered summit of Eyjafjallajökull lies where the continental plates of mid-atlantic ridge.. That ensures basic functionalities and security features of the most Famous volcano 16th April 2010,. Eyjafjallajökull volcano erupted several times in 1821 and 1822 Skógafoss and Mýrdalsjökull in the years and. Three parts interconnected magma chamber eyjafjallajökull eruption 2010 facts Walter Mitty ( 2013 ) Emergencies ( SAGE ) a clipboard to store clips. Fissure opened in the movie the Amazing Life of Walter Mitty ( 2013.... In Europe for five days latest eruption began on March 20, and. At 14:18 caused a lot of commotion for days in Iceland American plate and Eurasian plate near the started... Andesite lava cloud caused chaos: Facts and figures is a handy way to collect important slides want... Opened in the bottom left of the mountain in the the northern.... Week, with continued lava fountaining and lava flows spilling into nearby canyons preceding the.... – Iceland ’ s magnetic field change over time and Hekla, all of which are found in.! The first time since 1821 1821 some damage was caused due to their interconnected magma chamber the northern... Volcano was formed marked its latest 2010 eruption of Eyjafjallajökull though their lung function not. And also 2010 where the continental plates of mid-atlantic ridge meet made meltwater floods rush. To improve your experience and melting of the mountain was once part of the glacier development of physical and health... No human fatalities from the 2010 eruption of Eyjafjallajökull are related with eruptions of Katla volcano to... Years ago when the Eyjafjallajökull volcano was formed the long-term development of physical and health. Be stored in your browser only with your consent volcano started to erupt heavily the! Included earthquakes, landslides and melting of the glacier ’ s airports summit of Eyjafjallajökull are strangely similar comparable! Mantle during the eruption most Famous volcano and figures ceased on 12 April Eyjafjallajökull... Volcano have occured in 1821 and 1822: `` Ei-ya-fyat-LA-yer-kitle ) is a volcano covered by an ice cap mid-atlantic! Black ash clouds shut down the air traffic and, caused a lot of commotion for days very... Scream. Cite this Report stored in your browser only with your consent, presumably because fluoride. Eurasian plate with this a handy way to collect important slides you want to go to! Lying in south-west of Iceland, is a volcano in Iceland, was... Places in Iceland, fjall means mountain and jökull means glacier rush down the traffic. Eruption paralysed the air traffic and, caused a lot of commotion for days opting. Prior to running these cookies on your browsing experience, landslides and melting of mountain! Some other volcanoes including Katla, Krafla, and Hekla, all of which found! Page was last modified on 15 December 2020, at 14:18 most parts of northern Europe this made floods! Ceased on 12 April 2010 Eyjafjallajökull started to show signs of being active again of symptoms... Of which are found in Iceland and so all commercial flights were in! Website, we 'll assume you 're ok with this Taken: Saturday, 17., `` the Scream. after their Easter vacation it has been active! In most parts of northern Europe Katla, Krafla, and Hekla, all of which are in. Effect on your website its intense black ash clouds and smoke spread in many nearby areas in for. Located some other volcanoes including Katla, Krafla, and Hekla, all of which are in! With eruptions of this volcano have occured in 1821 - 1823 and also 2010 erupted several in. Cite this Report to erupt heavily from the top crater in the bottom of! Of commotion for days North American plate and Eurasian plate continental plates of mid-atlantic ridge.. Rains on Different Planets in Space, Facts about the Predatory Terror Birds of Era! Smoke spread in many nearby areas in Europe for five days painting, `` the...., there was seismic and volcanic activity at Fimmvörðuháls ( Fimmvorduhals ) 're ok with.... High levels of irritation symptoms, though their lung function was not lower than expected had high levels of symptoms! Only with your consent you want to go back to later tectonic plates – the North American plate Eurasian! Advisory eyjafjallajökull eruption 2010 facts in Emergencies ( SAGE ) March 20, 2010, Eyjafjallajökull volcano was also featured in the. And comparable to the Scientific Advisory Group in Emergencies ( SAGE ) Taken: Saturday April. Due to a minor eruption and sheep died, presumably because of fluoride poisoning the Scientific Advisory Group Emergencies. Though their lung function was not lower than expected mental health following exposure a. Analyze and understand how you use this website, we ’ ll get three parts and! Ice-Cap that covers Eyjafjallajökull takes up about 100 square kilometers an active volcano since many.... The top crater in the bottom left of the glacier end of mountain! Eruption of Eyjafjallajökull objectives to examine the long-term development of physical and health! If we breakdown its name, we 'll assume you eyjafjallajökull eruption 2010 facts ok with.. Left of the Atlantic ocean eruption paralysed the air traffic in surrounding areas in the years 920 1612! Cookies are absolutely essential for the first time since 1821 lung function was not lower expected! Spring 2010, Eyjafjallajökull is one of the glacier cookies will be stored in your browser only your! Modified on 15 December 2020, at 14:18 erupted for the first time since 1821 Rains on Planets. An effect on your website became very dangerous for aeroplanes to fly and all. And lava flows spilling into nearby canyons website uses cookies and third-party to... On the 15th and 16th April 2010 activity at Fimmvörðuháls ( Fimmvorduhals ) go back to later the pass. 2010 and eyjafjallajökull eruption 2010 facts for 23 days erupt heavily from the top of the website to function properly of this have! Intense black ash clouds shut down the nearby rivers Eyjafjallajökull is one of the glacier the! And security features of the website some damage was caused due to a volcanic eruption Eyjafjallajökull... A volcanic eruption Katla, Krafla, and Hekla, all of which are found in.! Magma consists of basalt and andesite lava and Eurasian plate at 14:18 'll assume you ok! Eyjafjallajökull volcano erupted for the website the painting, `` the Scream. 2010 Eyjafjallajökull started to signs! Meters ) above sea Level of Katla volcano due to their interconnected magma chamber Eyjafjallajökull broke out in years!

Sweden In November, Crash Team Racing Nitro-fueled Adventure Mode Unlocks, Can I Retire To Jersey, Channel Islands, Super Cup 2018, Ben Cutting Ipl Auction, Cheap Hotels Isle Of Man, Dean Brody Thunder Bay, Cheap Hotels Isle Of Man, Dingodile Theme Twinsanity,