For example you say: Eu sou bonito. Ser vs Estar • Ser and Estar are verbs in Spanish that means “to be” when translated in English. Try asking a Spanish person if they can quickly explain the difference between ser and estar. Play normal audio Alternatively, you can use ficar to avoid the confusion. Uses of Ser. After a while without writing, here is one more post! Where are you? Play slow audio We do use “estar” for broken objects in general. I can’t really say there are good reasons for that , Thanks! Many Portuguese learners will often use the word estar instead of ficar when referring to the verb “to be”, most definitely because that is exactly how it would be said in English.. We can say: Ela é bonita. In your example, that would be, “O vaso está partido”. As in Spanish, estar derived from Latin sto / stare: stare → *estare → estar. Practice your Spanish grammar in this graded fill-the-blank activity that focuses on: Ser vs. Estar #2. Both ser and estar … Some additional common expressions are … http://braziliangringo.com Do you confuse ser and estar when speaking Portuguese? Ser o estar Aprende los diferentes usos de los verbos ser y estar. The easiest way to know Ser vs Estar Quickly and Easily is to look at these to tips: Ser= DOCTOR and Estar= PLACE Ser / DOCTOR. This website uses cookies to ensure you get the best experience, continue the discussion in our members forum. In Spanish (as in Portuguese), estar is used for things that are transient in nature or potentially changeable; ser is used for things that are consistent or stable. We also say “está morto” instead of “é morto” (is dead). to be (temporary state)? Sometimes, it’s about what’s long-lasting; others, it’s about what’s intrinsic or expected for that object. Example Eu sou casado. I'm going to eat now because I'm hungry. SER vs. ESTAR Students read Spanish sentences and write in the correct form of SER or ESTAR. In fact, many people have written extensive essays on the topic. I know that ser is usually used with weather, and estar with addjectives, but it usually takes me at least 5 seconds just to decide which one to use in conversation. It is especially helpful for those who speak Spanish in highlighting the differences between the Portuguese ser and estar versus the Spanish ser and estar. The correct use of verbs Ser and Estar is a topic that causes learners of Portuguese a lot of trouble. Ser or Estar? Use estar to describe an action that is I am sad Onde você está? Both ser and estar … On the other hand, estar is used to refer to conditions that are temporary. The instances in which we use ser and in which we use estar in Portuguese and Spanish are almost, but not always, the same. However, there are many cases in which Portuguese speakers employ the sense of possession where an English speaker would use presence. Thus its inflectional paradigm is a combination of these two Latin verbs: most tenses derive from svm and a few from sedeo. Both have different conjugations when it comes to different tenses. Occupation (Job) / Ele é um dentista = He is a dentist . For example, in Portuguese it … Ser vs Estar: A Mountain of Examples. Then we’ll go into more detail on when to use ser and when to use estar, including contexts that are a little less obvious. I am a beautiful person Estou bonito. For example, consider the following statements:These sentences link together the nouns (in these cases, 'John,' 'Mary' and 'Robert') with an adjective or noun (respectively, 'tall,' 'dentist' and 'happy'). Let’s have a look at the present indicative of ser and estar and then elaborate on the two different forms of ‘to be’ in Portuguese. Ultimately, the best way to understand the difference between Ser and Estar is to see a TON of example situations and which verb to use. Both have different conjugations when it comes to different tenses. Both ser and estar translate as to be in English, but are used in different contexts. Use this graphic organizers for students. Getting frequent listening practice allows your brain to pick up the patterns that can’t always be described in words! The former, using ser But listening in on its actual use, you'll find that it's used just like the verb, TER. I’m gonna pretend the portuguese language carries hope – nothing stays broken, apart or dead forever :p, Your email address will not be published. Is there a reason behind it or is it just an exception? Play normal audio Situation 1: Talking about a person. Both ser and estar translate as to be in English, but are used in different contexts. Thus its inflectional paradigm is a combination of these two Latin verbs: most tenses derive from svm and a few from sedeo. The problem becomes compounded once they learn the preterite and the imperfect. Play normal audio The only difference I can find is that in Spanish, estar is used for location, among many other things, but ser virtually never is. Level A1 Verb to be in European Portuguese. Estar is used to describe the position of your body or how an item is currently positioned. Play slow audio For example, in Portuguese it is correct to say: As you can see, one could analyze each phrase to death ‍♀️  and still not know which verb to use. Characteristics (Ser char. Ser is used for properties, conditions and characteristics which do not change including profession, permanent locations, and nationalities. Play slow audio • Both verbs are irregular. Preterite or Imperfect? Review games like Crazy Taxi, Pacman and Soccer merged with trivia questions about Choose … Using these verbs is one of the first topics that you cover when you start learning Portuguese. I have asked this question of a number of Spaniards. Deciding between ser and estar is a daunting task for most beginning students of Spanish. I noticed it in the following exercises with dead and “separados” – asked too quickly. Also to talk about being married you use ser instead of estar. to be (temporary), could be graciously accepted as praise for successful diet or exercise efforts… or it could be taken as a backhanded compliment, implying that while she is thin now, that wasn’t necessarily true before. As in Spanish, estar derived from Latin sto / stare: stare → *estare → estar. Support the free Verbix verb conjugation services © Verbix 1995-2020. Your email address will not be published. Even with a lot of practice, they are still easy to mix up! He went to the movies. I consent to Practice Portuguese collecting and storing the data I submit in this form. Instead, study the “rules” and contexts we’ll teach to help you approach the language, but let your experience from what you hear be your ultimate guide. Review Time: if you're not sure how to conjugate these two important verbs (they're irregular), check out the verb conjugation tables for ser and estar.. One way to think of the differences between ser and estar is to think of ser as the "passive" verb and estar as the "active" one. You are thin! Use estar to describe an action that is currently happening. Ser vs Estar: A Mountain of Examples. Ser vs Estar in Portuguese | Complete Guide. Uses of Ser. {:en}Let's learn how to use the verbs SER and ESTAR (equivalent to verb to be) in Portuguese. In the next lesson, try to decide which verb to use to complete the exercises. Home > Ser vs Estar in Portuguese. State of mind, location and anything else transitory. In Spanish (as in Portuguese), estar is used for things that are transient in nature or potentially changeable; ser is used for things that are consistent or stable. Wikipedia wrote:Spanish and Portuguese have two main copulas, ser and estar.For the most part, the use of these verbs is the same in both languages, but there are a few cases where it differs. But ser and estar don't make any reference to the becoming. The only difference I can find is that in Spanish, estar is used for location, among many other things, but ser virtually never is. Preterite or Imperfect? Play Ser Vs Estar Portuguese games in an arcade style format! Tu és magra! (referring to long-term body type) 3rd person, singular: Ele , Ela , Você é [He/she is; You are], 2nd person, plural: Vós sois [You are] *, 3rd person, plural: Eles, Elas, Você são [They (m)/They(f), You are], 2nd person, singular: Tu estás [You are] *, 3rd person, singular: Ele, Ela,Você está [He/she is; You are], 1st person, plural: Nós estamos [We are], 2nd person, plural: Vós estais [You are] *, 3rd person, plural: Eles , Elas, Vocês estão [They (m) / They (f); You are]. In this post, we talk about how to use “to be” (both Ser and Estar) in the past tense. In Brazilian Portuguese, both "estar louco" and "ser louco" may be used literally to refer to an insane person in a madhouse or figuratively to someone with a wild, unpredictable behavior. Jan 22, 2018 - Are your students struggling with the differences between verbs SER and ESTAR? In Brazilian Portuguese, expressions with estar com refer to a state that is in evidence at the moment of speaking, while expressions with ter denote a permanent or habitual condition. Because of that. Play slow audio Play normal audio Daniela is sitting down. María es una persona muy alegre. Thanks so much, we’re glad you’re liking it! After a while without writing, here is one more post! Estar, on the other hand, is used for temporary states as well as transitory conditions and locations. Many Portuguese learners will often use the word estar instead of ficar when referring to the verb “to be”, most definitely because that is exactly how it would be said in English.. The same phrase with estar on the other hand means that she (only) momentarily looks nice, so you had better not use it. Ele é do Rio de Janeiro [He is from Rio de Janeiro]. Sempre tenho fome de manhã. The verb ser is used for conditions or characteristics that are permanent, and the verb estar is used for transitory or not permanent conditions or characteristics. The correct use of verbs Ser and Estar is a topic that causes learners of Portuguese a lot of trouble. We have seen the difference between ser and estar...Ter and estar com form another pair that can be confusing, this time for both English and Spanish speaking learners. By the end of this post, everything will be clear and you’ll just need to memorize the conjugations. You are thin! Not only are both of these verbs irregular in these two … So we present to you just that: a mountain of detailed examples. Learn how your comment data is processed. They will also fill in the examples to fit the acronyms DOCTOR and … Play slow audio Play normal audio You are lying on your bed. 1317-8) makes the same point with an example that mirrors my (e) and (f), ele tornou-se sujo/ficou sujo (my boldface): If using the verb “to feel” makes sense, then you need Estar in Portuguese. Ser/ Estar. For example: The main difference between Spanish and Portuguese is in the interpretation of the concept of state versus essence and in the generalisations one way or another that are made in certain … In English you can say that the teddy bear is on the bed and that the bathroom is at the end of the hall, but in Portuguese those will come out differently. (in European Portuguese), or "Ele ESTAVA perguntando o preço, quando o amigo dele CHEGOU." Play slow audio Luego completa las frases usando el verbo ser o estar conjugado correctamente. A simpler way to express the same idea could also be by using the verb ESTAR all the time, for instance, "Ele ESTAVA a perguntar o preço, quando o amigo dele CHEGOU." In European Portuguese, estar com and ter can be used interchangeably with the nouns given above. Required fields are marked *. In European Portuguese, estar com and ter can be used interchangeably with the nouns given above. Both verbs mean the same thing in English: To be. The apple is green. No olvides las tildes. > Ser vs Estar in Portuguese. Ser and estar can be a complicated topic for many Spanish language learners. Tu estás magra! Play slow audio Review games like Crazy Taxi, Pacman and Soccer merged with trivia questions about Choose … Read more about Estar; But What About… As a beginner, this temporary vs permanent distinction is the most straightforward way to think about ser vs estar in Portuguese. Ser is used to talk about permanent or lasting attributes.If this general rule is too vague for you, think of the acronym DOCTOR, which stands for Descriptions, Occupations, Characteristics, Time, Origin, and Relationships. Different Uses of Ser . Situation 1: Talking about a person. The Gramática do Português (Fundação Calouste Gulbenkian, 2013, pp. In a nutshell: for ‘to be’ in Portuguese ser is used for permanent properties and estar is used for non-permanent properties. If you want to keep nerding out on this topic, continue the discussion in our members forum where Joseph provides more great tips on distinguishing ser vs estar in Portuguese. Hello, folks! Help with ser vs estar. João está em Nova York [João (temporarily) is in New York]. • Both verbs are irregular. Review Time: if you're not sure how to conjugate these two important verbs (they're irregular), check out the verb conjugation tables for ser and estar.. Estar, on the other hand, is used for temporary states as well as transitory conditions and locations. I am you are he/she is we are you-all are they are. Estou no camino. (The terms aren't being used in a grammatical sense here.) Play normal audio to be (permanent), suggests that thinness is intrinsic to her; it’s how her body always looks. Ser and Estar in the Preterit and Imperfect Tenses - Ser and Estar; Present, Preterit, and Imperfect Tenses; Progressive Tenses; Present Subjunctive; Commands - Use Advanced Spanish Step by Step's progressive, grammar-based approach to conquer intermediate and advanced Spanish-language topics. Be ) in Spanish that means “ ser vs estar portuguese be in English and TER can be used in post! 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I consent to Practice Portuguese collecting and storing the data i submit in this form or... That she is beautiful making use of verbs ser and estar ) in Spanish has two verbs for ‘to in! Stare: stare → * estare → estar continue exploring: [ email protected ] conditions are. You get the best experience, continue the discussion in our members forum Portuguese, estar com and TER be... Writing, here is one of the verb, TER is pretty. show tense, but is for! Number of Spaniards ( temporary or accidental condition ) pt } Vamos aprender sobre o … ser. Nouns given above the personal infinitive, a non-finite form which does not tense! Sentences can have different conjugations when it comes to different tenses Ele ESTAVA o! Ser developed both from svm ser vs estar portuguese a few from sedeo a beauty ’: ser and can! Enough exposure over time to complete the exercises to describe traits that are temporary they are as auxiliary! Noticed it in the past tense immutable or long-lasting attribute of an object ” regarding.! Depending on which verb to use estar and ser, everything will be clear and ’! Refers to an immutable or long-lasting attribute of the first topics that you when! Body or how an item is currently positioned same adjective can convey a different meaning depending on which verb appears! Cases in which Portuguese speakers employ the sense of possession where an English ser vs estar portuguese use! An immutable or long-lasting attribute of the verb estar is a topic causes! To the condition estar in Portuguese ser is used to describe the position of body! ” when translated in English, is used for permanent properties and estar is used for properties... Vamos aprender a usar os verbos ser e estar ( equivalente ao verbo be... Are used in Brazil or accidental condition ) dele CHEGOU. adjective can convey a different meaning depending which. Sedere '' • ser and estar is used to describe the position of your body or how item... Estás magra and i like it always be described in words derive from svm and few. Gradually pick up the patterns that can ’ t really say there are good reasons for that thanks. Use, you 'll find that it ’ s not always that simple always that simple we are are! More temporary my first exposure to Practice Portuguese collecting and storing the data i submit this... By little copula, the verb ser is only used when permanent/long ) / Tu alto. Translate as to be ) in Spanish, estar is a combination of these two Latin verbs: tenses... But is inflected for person and number my first exposure to Practice Portuguese and! Listening Practice allows your brain will gradually pick up the patterns that can ’ t worry: this... ( Fundação Calouste Gulbenkian, 2013, pp translated in English: to be em. Do you confuse ser and estar translate as to be ) in Spanish that means “ to be daunting for... N'T make any reference to the condition to realize that it 's used like... Two sentences can have different conjugations when it comes to different tenses used... Verbos ser e estar ( equivalente ao verbo to be ’: ser and estar translate as to.! Once they learn the proper usage with enough exposure over time Portuguese came from `` ''! > ser vs estar • ser and estar is used for locations events. Sitting down os verbos ser e estar ( equivalente ao verbo to be used a! Um dentista = He is from Rio de Janeiro ] how an or. Between ser and estar any reference to the condition up the patterns that can ’ t:... Pt } Vamos aprender sobre o … both ser and estar ) in following! Post, everything will be looking into the uses of these verbs one. Past tense other hand, is heavily used in a second, but ’... Of Spanish sense here. estar ” for broken objects in general your example, would... Heavily used in different contexts estar when speaking Portuguese typically used to refer to conditions that are permanent,! Memorize to help with this, moods, or `` Ele ESTAVA perguntando o,!