In two studies included in this review, there were reports of potential contamination, with 19 people in one study from the control group attending the intervention education sessions where pillboxes were distributed (Goujard et al., 2003), and in another study, 39% (n = 7) of the attention control group reported using pillboxes (Kalichman et al., 2011). We are the Internationally recognised group committed to the study and preservation of Pillboxes and Anti-Invasion Defences in... See more. Committed To The Study & Preservation Of 20th Century United Kingdom & International Pillboxes & Anti-Invasion Defences. SKE6447. The Pillbox Study Group. Online viewer for the Extended Defence of Britain Database as maintained by Steve Thompson. However mobile such columns may be they cannot be expected to operate immediately over the whole area in which it is possible for the enemy to attempt invasion by sea or air. The originally jocular name arose from their perceived similarity to the cylindrical and hexagonal boxes in which medical pills were once sold.1 They are in effect a trench firing step hardened to protect against small-arms fire and grenades and raised to improve the field of fire. Pillboxes: A Study of UK Defences. This system of stops and strong-points will prevent the enemy from running riot and tearing the guts out of the country as had happend in France and Belgium.”, […] one, were made of concrete that was sufficiently thick to be bullet proof. The basic concept was detailed in a Southern Command memo dated 22nd June 1940 (public Records Office WO 199/1800) covering the construction of GHQ Zones, which stated: “The immediate object is to divide England into several small fields surrounded by a hedge of anti-tank obstacles which is strong defensively, using natural accidents of the ground where possible. The PSG does not encourage members to undertake the ad hoc clearance of vegetation from pillboxes, as it can expose them to physical damage and inappropriate use, it may also contravene a variety of statutory regulations including, listed buildings and SSSI designations. The complete data set is available as a kmz file for Google Earth from This Site and is used here courtesy of Steve Thompson. My thanks to the Pillbox Study Group for this excerpt, which explains the thinking behind pillboxes and other defence structures that […], We welcome new members to the PSG. My thanks to the Pillbox Study Group for this excerpt, which explains the thinking behind pillboxes and other defence structures that were put in place in WWII: On 25th June 1940, General Paget, Chief of Staff to the Commander-in-Chief Home Forces submitted General Ironside`s anti-invasion plan to the War Cabinet in the form of Home Forces Operation Instruction No.3. With many homebound patients on a dozen or more medications, medication management can … A Stop-Line would be a continuous anti-tank obstacle, natural if possible, covered by Pillboxes and other prepared positions. SKE52253. pillbox-study-group.org.uk Competitive Analysis, Marketing Mix and Traffic A pillbox is a type of blockhouse, or concrete dug-in guard post, normally equipped with loopholes through which to fire weapons. It is by no accident that the majority of defence structures are located where they are. Camouflage training manuals were widely issued and all military personnel received basic training. Bulletproof and Shellproof Pillboxes of Regular Hexagon shape –Type 22 Although pillboxes in the group Type 22 follow similar guidelines, each individual pillbox is different. This indicates that the stop-lines were constructed to block the progress of German armoured columns, setting them up for a counter attack by our defending forces. Which is not surprising as over 18,000 were constructed across the British Isles to resist the Nazi invader during Hitler’s proposed ‘Operation Sealion’, the planned German Invasion of England set for 1940. In theory, sorting pills or groups of pills according to whenthey are to be taken makes taking them on schedule easier to remember. Ewshot Pillbox Restoration “Exclusive” September 7th 2013. Hankley Common’s Atlantic Wall D-Day Practise Area. This diversity can be seen by differences in wall thickness, the amount of rifle loops, the materials used for construction, camouflage and other modifications such as shutters and blast walls. 2> Pillbox Study Group, Pillbox Study Group communication (Verbal communication). Extant wartime records were thought to be fairly poor, and nobody could be sure how many pillboxes and related hardened field defences had survived—or indeed, how many had been constructed in the first place. "A World War II Concrete Air Raid Shelter". We are particularly interested in recruiting new members and relish the chance to explore any new sites that you can tell us about. Southern Railway Pillbox, Hook Heath, Woking, Surrey. The major period of construction was in the maritime defence programmes of Henry VIII between 1539 and 1545. Committed To The Study & Preservation Of 20th Century United Kingdom & International Pillboxes & Anti-Invasion Defences Pillboxes are concrete dug-in guard posts, normally equipped with loopholes through which to fire weapons. Historic Military Press. Virtually everything of military significan… Kettlebury Hill, Assault Training Observation Bunker. Physicians describe taking prescribed medications properly as adherence or compliance to a drug regimen. SECTION 13 of the Instruction stated: “The general plan of defence is a combination of mobile columns and static defences by means of strong-points and stops. 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