This is a bunker type building on Adak made of stacked up bags of cement left to harden. The January 2006 National Geographic magazine presented pictures of the Sea-based X-band Radar in tow around Cape Horn to Adak for the purpose of anti-ballistic missile space surveillance. It is about 4 feet tall on a wooden floor. Bunker 06's entrance. Hilton Head Island, SC 29928 4 Shelter Cove Lane 4 Shelter Cove Ln , Hilton Head Island, SC 29928 Shelter Cove Resort & Marina 27600 W Odell Lake Road Highway 58 , Crescent, OR 97733 Shelter Cove Airport 9126 Shelter Cove Rd , Whitethorn, CA 95589 Army installations at Adak allowed U.S. forces to mount a successful offensive against the Japanese-held islands of Kiska and Attu. Since the early 1940s, the northern half of Adak Island has been used for military operations. Weapons Bunker My last photo for now: a weapons storage bunker at the top of a hill overlooking the town of Adak. Best Dining in Adak Island, Aleutian Islands: See 8 Tripadvisor traveler reviews of Adak Island restaurants and search by cuisine, price, location, and more. Expecting a similar battle for Kiska Island, U.S. and Allied soldiers landing there August 15, 1943, found the occupiers had been stealthily evacuated by Japanese naval forces since the end of May, 1943. breaking out the Zodiacs with the boys and exploring the bunkers on Barwell Island that were placed there during WW2 to defend against a Japanese Invasion. NARA, Record Group 80-G-80384 A land exchange between Aleut Corp., the U.S. Navy, and the Department of the Interior has transferred most of the naval facilities to the Aleut Corp. A portion of the Island will remain within the National Maritime National Wildlife Refuge, managed by U.S. He sank one and heavily damaged the others, killing or wounding 200 Japanese sailors. Average snowfall is 100 inches, falling primarily on the upper reaches of the volcanoes. Hosogaya was instructed to destroy whatever American forces and facilities were found on Adak—the Japanese did not know the island was undefended. Adak Naval Air Station continued to be a military base during the Cold War but was designated a Base Realignment and Closure (BRAC) site in 1995 and closed in March 1997. Despite US military command having access to Japanese ciphers and having decoded all the Japanese naval messages, the Army Air Forces chose to bomb abandoned positions for almost three weeks. A grocery and ship supply store and restaurant opened in February 1999. Alaska’s southernmost town Adak is located on the island of the same name near the western extent of the Andreanof Islands group of the Aleutian Islands in Alaska. Because of its naval aviation past, Adak has an unusually large and sophisticated airport for the Aleutian Islands. May we soon travel that road to victory. The city has requested funds to greatly expand the Sweeper Cove small boat harbor, including new breakwaters, a 315-foot (96 m) dock and new moorage floats [13]. This was over 25 years ago and at that point we could defend against everything except a literal wave of missiles. Since ancient times this island has been home to the Aleut people, […] Seeing the smoking volcanoes along the Aleutian Island arc on the way to Adak was amazing. Robert Colodny under the direction of Infantry Intelligence Officer Major Henry W. Hall. When the attack ended that afternoon Dutch Harbor oil storage tanks were burning, the hospital partly demolished, and a beached barracks ship damaged. On August 15, 1943, an invasion force landed on Kiska in the wake of a sustained three-week barrage, only to discover that the Japanese had withdrawn from the island on July 29. We knew that they bombed China relentlessly and by surprise on Pearl Harbor, so we had to make sure it wouldn't happen here in the continental U.S. similar to what the Germans did over London and Coventry.[12]. Adak Airport has a control tower, an Instrument Landing System and two runways; 7,790 ft (2,370 m) and 7,605 ft (2,318 m) respectively. "[4] The Japanese reasoned that control of the Aleutians would prevent a possible U.S. attack across the Northern Pacific. The highest point is Mt. Find out more about birding in Adak. Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto provided the Japanese Northern Area Fleet, commanded by Vice-Admiral Boshiro Hosogaya, with a force of two non-fleet aircraft carriers, five cruisers, twelve destroyers, six submarines, and four troop transports, along with supporting auxiliary ships. Adak Island sits midway between the United States and Russia, where the Bering Sea meets the Pacific Ocean. Flickr - Travis. Adak Army Base and Adak Naval Operating Base were the westernmost bases in the nation for a short while. On 12 May 1943, the Japanese submarine I-31 was sunk in a surface action with the destroyer Edwards 5 mi (4.3 nmi; 8.0 km) northeast of Chichagof Harbor. As the Japanese pilots looked for targets to engage, they came under intense anti-aircraft fire and soon found themselves confronted by Eleventh Air Force fighters sent from Fort Glenn Army Air Field on Umnak. November is the average wettest month, while July is the average driest month. Alaskan-owned Norquest-Adak Seafood Co. processes Pacific cod, pollock, mackerel, halibut, albacore and brown king crab. At present, flights operate each Wednesday and Saturday (weather permitting). During the campaign, two cemeteries were established on Attu to bury those killed in action: Little Falls Cemetery, located at the foot of Gilbert Ridge, and Holtz Bay Cemetery, which held the graves of Northern Landing Forces. Castner's Cutthroats were part of the force, but the invasion consisted mainly of units from the U.S. 7th Infantry Division. In late 1944, the government changed its policy on draftees and sent 16,000 conscripts to Europe to take part in the fighting.[18]. After razing the U.S. base there (the Japanese would later discover there was no military installation located there), his soldiers would come ashore on Kiska, 240 miles west of Adak, and seize the island. Because the United States Naval Intelligence had broken the Japanese naval codes, Admiral Chester Nimitz had learned by May 21 of Yamamoto's plans, including the Aleutian invasion, the strength of both Yamamoto's and Hosogaya's fleets, and that Hosogaya would open the fight on June 1 or shortly thereafter. Adak Island (Aleut: Adaax,[1][2] Russian: Адак) is an island near the western extent of the Andreanof Islands group of the Aleutian Islands in Alaska. Aleut Corporation maintains the facilities. Adak Island (Aleut: Adaax, Russian: Адак) is an island near the western extent of the Andreanof Islands group of the Aleutian Islands in Alaska.Alaska's southernmost town, Adak, is located on the island.The island has a land area of 274.59 square miles (711.18 km 2), measuring 33.9 miles (54.5 km) on length and 22 miles (35 km) on width, making it the 25th largest island in the United States. A cruiser and destroyer force under Rear Admiral Charles "Soc" McMorris was assigned to eliminate the Japanese supply convoys. It is snow covered the greater part of the year. The Adak Airport was historically served for many years by Reeve Aleutian Airways (RAA) with scheduled passenger flights to Anchorage operated with Lockheed L-188 Electra turboprop combi aircraft during the 1970s followed by Boeing 727-100 jet combi aircraft during the 1980s and 1990s. [3] In the only two invasions of the United States during the war, a small Japanese force occupied the islands of Attu and Kiska, where the remoteness of the islands and the challenges of weather and terrain delayed a larger U.S.-Canadian force sent to eject them for nearly a year. Over 1,500 sorties were flown against the Kuriles before the end of the war, including the Japanese base of Paramushir, diverting 500 Japanese planes and 41,000 ground troops. How did you hear about Bunker Labs? The Decoration of Graves was performed by Chaplains Meaney and Insko.[19]. Additionally, three Canadian armed merchant cruisers and two corvettes served in the Aleutian campaign but did not encounter enemy forces. Moffett, near the northwest end of the island, at an elevation of 3,924 feet (1,196 m). Shortly thereafter bad weather set in, and no further sightings of the fleet were made that day. Military historians believe the Japanese invasion of the Aleutians was a diversionary or feint attack during the Battle of Midway, meant to draw out the U.S. Pacific Fleet from Midway Atoll, as it was launched simultaneously under the same commander, Isoroku Yamamoto. Similarly, the U.S. feared that the islands would be used as bases from which to carry out a full-scale aerial attack on U.S. West Coast cities like Anchorage, Seattle, San Francisco, or Los Angeles. Rare photos from World War II's Forgotten Front, found on TIME/LIFE. As a result, they did little damage to the base. The Aleutians were considered to be North American soil, thus enabling the Canadian government to deploy conscripts without breaking its pledge. Join me as I explore the creepy homes and abandoned neighborhoods of Adak Island. One American cruiser and two destroyers were damaged, with seven U.S. sailors killed. The Japanese campaign coincided with the more well-known Battle of Midway. The Aleutian shield fern is an endangered species found only on this island. Surviving elements of the military bases at Adak, Umnak, and Dutch Harbor are National Historic Landmarks. Since the nearest U.S. military presence was in Cold Bay, Alaska, the U.S. began to construct bases in the western Aleutian Islands from which to launch operations against the Japanese. Startled by the American response, the Japanese quickly released their bombs, made a cursory strafing run, and left to return to their carriers. A peak gust of 109 knots occurred at Adak in March 1954. On May 30, 1946, a Memorial Day address was given by Captain Adair with a 21-gun salute and the sounding of Taps. As a corporal in 1943, he co-authored The Battle of the Aleutians with Cpl. We dubbed it the Hobbit Hut. Col. LeStourgeon had previously designed a layout of base facilities—such as isolation of weapons and munitions depots—to protect against enemy attack. “Among the Japanese placed guns on Kiska Island was this 125-mm (6-inch) pre-World War I British naval gun used by the Japanese to guard the entrance to Kiska Harbor.” Photo taken by NAS Adak, 7 September 1943. Eleventh Air Force was placed on full alert. 22. The word Adak is from the Aleut word adaq, which means "father". ADAK -- This Aleutian island is 1,200 miles from Anchorage, and it might as well be in a different country, but a mileage ticket on Alaska Airlines makes a trip affordable. On 15 August 1943, an invasion force of 34,426 Canadian and American troops landed on Kiska. attention to life on the island of Adak in the wake of the Battle of Dutch Harbor, culminating in a first-person perspective of an actual American bombing run against the Japanese. Two Japanese cruisers were damaged, with 14 men killed and 26 wounded. Gales occur in all months of the year at Adak with the greatest chance from December through March. This is not a place for the fainthearted. 1. [5][6] (7 August 1942 to 9 February 1943). This resulted in fierce combat, with a total of 3,929 U.S. casualties: 549 men were killed, 1,148 were wounded, with another 1,200 men suffering severe injuries from the cold weather. The campaign is known as the "Forgotten Battle", due to its being overshadowed by other events in the war. A shortage of landing craft, unsuitable beaches, and equipment that failed to operate in the appalling weather made it difficult for the Americans to exert force against the Japanese. Adding to problems for the U.S. forces, soldiers suffered from frostbite because essential cold-weather supplies could not be landed, nor could soldiers be relocated to where they were needed because vehicles could not operate on the tundra. Adak has a subpolar oceanic climate (Koppen Cfc), characterized by persistently overcast skies, moderated temperatures, high winds, significant precipitation and frequent cyclonic storms. The fear of that scenario was real at the time because the Japanese were nearly invincible and ruthless in Asia and the Pacific. The island Adak is the 25th largest island in the United States, and serves as a fueling and crew transfer for traveling fishing fleets. The Army Air Force's Eleventh Air Force consisted of 10 B-17 Flying Fortress heavy bombers and 34 B-18 Bolo medium bombers at Elmendorf Airfield, and 95 P-40 Warhawk fighters divided between Fort Randall AAF at Cold Bay and Fort Glenn AAF on Umnak. On 5 July, the submarine Growler, under command of Lieutenant Commander Howard Gilmore, attacked three Japanese destroyers off Kiska. Nurses fishing, Dutch Harbor, Aleutian Campaign, Alaska, 1943. Fish & Wildlife. That door is 15 feet tall, made of foot-thick steel, and the interior was easily 1500 square feet of solid concrete construction. Lieutenant Paul Bishop of the 28th Bombardment Group once recalled that: General Simon B. Buckner Jr. [of the Alaska Defense Command] said to us that the Japanese would have the opportunity to set up airbases in the Aleutians, making coastal cities like Anchorage, Seattle, and San Francisco vulnerable within range to attack by their bombers. 111 and No. Clipper Oil Supplies bunker fuel in all major Alaskan ports. While Yamamoto's main force moved on Midway Island, on 3 June 1942 the Japanese bombed Dutch Harbor, then followed with an amphibious attack upon the island of Adak, 480 miles to the west. Located about 1,400 air miles southwest of Anchorage, Adak Naval Base remained active until the late 1990s. 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