hace + time period + que + present tense verb. The present perfect tense is one of seven compound tenses, which means you use the helping verb haber (to … The present tense: How to talk about what you do in Spanish. The Spanish present tense can also be used to talk about things that will happen in the near future. To conjugate these verbs in the present tense, drop the -er from the infinitive and add the second conjugation present tense endings: -o, -es, -e, -emos, -en.. It’s okay if you don’t memorize all this at once. Take a look at these examples, and try to spot how the verb endings often allow us to drop the subject: *Examples like this are a little more complicated. Let´s review a few examples sentences: Yo camino a la escuela. Present perfect tense combines the present tense and the perfect aspect used to express an event that happened in the past that has present consequences. | Powered by WordPress, Spanish Text Slang: How to LOL like a true Spaniard. He's been painting this painting for a week. Examples: We've been waiting three years for your call. 1. Then you add one of the following endings: For example, ‘I talk’ would be: habl- + -o → hablo. But remember that in most of Latin America, this form is used even in familiar contexts when addressing a group of people! Follow the links at the top right to learn how to use these verbs in a sentence in the present tense. The basic use of the Spanish present tense expresses current state-of-being, actions in-progress, habitual actions, facts and universal truths and beliefs. Things that are universally known or generally excepted are often expressed using the simple present. These can be facts, opinions, or proverbs. No changes occur in the nosotros and vosotros forms. The present continuous tense is formed with the subject plus the present particle form (-ing) of the main verb and the present continuous tense of the verb to be: am, is, are. Revising the present tense in Spanish Use the present tense to describe what you do and what things are like. The Present Continuous . She studied Spanish and French at the University of Southampton (with an Erasmus study year in Madrid!) For example “I eat rice every night” ( Como arroz todas las noches) or “She believes no-one deserves to live this way” (Ella cree que nadie merece vivir así). To conjugate an -er verb, remove the infinitive ending (-er) and add the ending that matches the subject. The Simple Present is the tense that we refer to events, actions, and conditions that are happening all the time, or exist now. Annabel is a language-enthusiast from the UK. The Spanish present simple tense is generally formed when you want to talk about a habit or something that happens in general. If you want over 400,000 Spanish verb conjugations with you where ever you go, try Spanish Translator + app. Phone: + 33 782 171 213 While the names look similar, are the uses and conjugation the sam… Your mother and I think that you’re very intelligent. (I translate songs) Remember these verbs are only irregular in the first person (singular), the rest of the verb has the same rules as regular present tense conjugations. If we simplify things a little, you’ll see that there aren’t actually that many differences. It smells very delicious in the kitchen. For exercises visit the Simple Present Exercises. Can you remember the formation of the verb ESTAR (to be) in the present tense? *The differences between these two versions of ‘to be’ can be quite subtle and take a while to learn. Okay, so you know a bit of Spanish vocabulary, and now you want to know how to use it in sentences. examples He vivido aquí por muchos años. The Spanish present tense can be used to talk about habitual actions, routines, things happening now or in the near future, universal truths, facts, hypotheticals, lapses of time, and for ordering in restaurants and stores. Spanish Nouns: How to turn Singular Spanish Nouns to Plural? The changes occur in the yo, tú, él/ella/usted, and ellos/ellas/ustedes forms. When we talk about what we’re doing right now, in this exact moment, we use what’s called the present continuous tense. Present indicative is used to describe actions currently happening. *In this article, we refer to ustedes as being formal (as it is in most of Spain). You’re reading this blog about Spanish conjugation, right? Wisdom comes with age. To form sentences in the present tense, we need to know how to conjugate verbs with the correct present tense endings. (I speak Spanish. I run every weekend. *Examples like this are a little more complicated. Email: contact@mydailyspanish.com The gerund is the form of the verb that ends in -ando (for -ar verbs) or -iendo (for -er and -ir verbs) and is the same as the - ing form of the verb in English (for example, walking, swimming). Estás. The best form to speak about this kind of action is the present simple, i.e. They talk too much. In Spanish, the present perfect tense is formed by using the present tense of the auxiliary verb “haber” with the past participle. The Spanish simple present tense (el presenteor el presente del indicativo) can be used to talk about habitual actions, routines, things happening now or in the near future, universal truths, facts, hypotheticals, lapses of time, and for ordering in restaurants and stores. Ana and María are are thinking about renting the apartment. Hope this helps. When used with the conjunction si (if), the present tense can express hypothetical situations and outcomes. That’s a lot of example sentences to get through, so well done! Spanish Present Tense Explained With Examples. It describes routine or repeated actions as well as permanent situations. She loves to play basketball. Read on for more on each of these uses. You have already learned in a previous lesson that the past participle is formed by dropping the infinitive ending and adding either -ado or -ido. The present tense endings for these verbs are regular, but there is a vowel change in the verb stem (the part of the verb that comes before -ar, -er, or -ir). The common verb vivir (to live) is conjugated like this: That may feel like a lot of tables, but don’t be overwhelmed! In Spanish, both the simple present and the present progressive can be used to talk about things happening now. Click here to read our article on stem-changing verbs. VerbFlex explores these uses as well as delves into advanced uses, offering detailed explanations, games and interactive verb lists loaded with real-world examples. To conjugate an -ar verb, remove the infinitive ending (-ar) and add the ending that matches the subject. Jul 21, 2019 - English Examples of Simple Present Tense Sentences My father goes to gym every day. But don’t forget the power of context. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. One simple example of this tense is: He is swimming. We are taking steps to improve the situation. Start by trying to learn the regular verb endings, practicing a little every day, then think about moving onto the irregular ones! Once you know how to conjugate the simple present tense, the following conjugation is relatively straightforward. Here are some examples of the most common regular verbs we use in the present tense in Spanish: These are forms of regular verbs in the present (we drop the endings -ar, -er, and -ir and we add the following endings according to the pronoun). Learn here how to use the Spanish future tense to talk about either your future plans or what may happen in the future, among with other situations. The table below provides an overview of the Spanish indicative tenses including examples of the conjugation of -ar, -er and -ir verbs as well as some general usage rules for each tense. The present tense is commonly used to talk about the amount of time something has been going on. Learn to conjugate regular and irregular verbs in Spanish grammar and master the rules for using the present tense. Spelling Tip. The verb ending -a could refer to he or she or it or you (formal), so it may be necessary to include the subject to clarify who exactly we are talking about.But don’t forget the power of context. There are quite a few irregular verbs in Spanish, but it’s important to learn the most common ones, as they’re some of the most useful verbs in the language. Themes SpanishDict is the world's most popular Spanish-English dictionary, translation, and learning website. Exceptions in the present tense in French Verbs ending in -er. The other present tense forms of these verbs follow the patterns for regular -ar, -er, and -ir verbs. For example, in the sentence Hablo español. Does he write an email? Estáis. and recently graduated. In the present simple 3rd person singular (he, she, it), add s, es, or ies to the base form of the verb. Below you'll find instructions for forming regular verbs in the present tense, including the endings you need to know for -ar, -er, and -ir verbs. For that reason, in English we have to include the subject, to differentiate between ‘I sell houses,’ ‘you sell houses,’ ‘we sell houses,’ and ‘they sell houses.’. This guide will help you learn how to conjugate verbs correctly for past, present and future tenses. Sometimes we have dinner then have second helpings. They say that everything happens for a reason. Some present tense yo conjugations undergo spelling changes or are irregular. Están The above examples of Simple Present Tense are here to help you understand and use this tense properly and naturally. Tu madre y yo pensamos que eres muy inteligente. The -o ending tells you who the subject of the verb is. Spanish conjugation is far more extensive than English, thus providing more information about the verb's action. In this section, I will explain the different uses of the Spanish present tense, how it can be used in the past, present and future, and give several examples. Most verbs that end in -cer or -ucir have irregular present tense yo forms. Spanish is what we call a ‘null-subject language.’, So if you were to say ‘sell houses’ you’d have no idea who is doing the selling. Present Subjunctive Spanish Conjugation. The present continuous can be used to talk about what is happening now. Él come fruta en vez de pan. Only the nosotros and vosotros endings are different. To know which form of the verb to use in Spanish, you need to work out what the stem of the verb is and then add the correct ending. Yo conduzco mi coche. We use the present tense to talk about what we are doing now or do regularly. You use the present perfect verb tense in Spanish to express or describe actions that have happened recently and/or actions that still hold true in the present. In fact, we’re going to compare the simple present tense in the indicative mood vs. the subjunctive … You should also get familiar with its usage and rules – visit the Simple Present Tense page to help you with that. What are you doing right now? Verbs that end in -guir, -ger, or -gir undergo a spelling change in their present tense yo forms. Test yourself In the free exercises. Conjugating regular Spanish verbs in the indicative present tense involves removing the infinitive ending (-ar, -er, or -ir) and changing it to something else. If we were reading a book all about Carolina the ballerina then we wouldn’t need to say ‘Carolina es bailarina de ballet. Do you (plural) prefer cake or ice cream? Haber is conjugated as follows: he has ha hemos habéis han. The Spanish present continuous tense is formed from the present tense of estar and the gerund of the verb. 1 Forming the present simple tense of regular -ar verbs If the infinitive of the Spanish verb ends in -ar, it means that the verb belongs to the first conjugation, for example, hablar, lavar, llamar. Right here, right now, with the present tense! Está. Notice that most of the present tense endings for -er and -ir verbs are the same. You can find these endings in the table below. Present indicative is formed by dropping the -ar, -er, or -ir from the root of the regular verbs. She has interests across the Spanish-speaking world, and is a fan of language in general. In English, something happening at the moment of speaking is usually expressed using the present progressive. Check out this table which shows them side by side. the answer is B. Verbs with infinitives ending in -er form a second group of regular verbs in Spanish, often called second conjugation verbs. (Literal translation: The devil's wisdom comes more from age than from being the devil.). (I know many people) Yo traduzco canciones. Spanish Transitive vs Intransitive Verbs: An Easy Guide, An Easy Guide to Indefinite Pronouns in Spanish. He eats fruit instead of bread. Here are a few examples of the above verbs in action. The present indicative or el presente/el presente de indicativo is used to tense to speak about actions in the present and near future. -  Designed by Thrive Comparison of the Simple, Continuous and Perfect Present Tense. (For verbs ending in ayer, we can write either i or y.) To conjugate a verb, you need to remove the infinitive ending (-ar, -er, or -ir) and add on the appropriate present tense ending. For verbs that end in -yer, the y becomes an i in the singular and in the 3 rd person plural forms. Just remember that there are two verbs that mean ‘to be.’. Ser and Estar: What’s the Difference Between the Two ‘To Be’ in Spanish. Maybe you’re also drinking water or coffee, or perhaps you’re petting your cat while you read. For more comprehensive Spanish lessons like this, check out My Spanish Routine! To say what is happening now in Spanish, you can use the Present Continuous. I'm leaving for the airport in half an hour. Tú corres a la fiesta. It's also quite common to use the present tense in Spanish when ordering something in a restaurant or store. You can find these endings in the table below. Present tense 2 GapFillTyping_MTYyMzU= Level: advanced. Many present tense verbs undergo what is called a stem change. You run to the party. ), the pronoun yo isn't really necessary. The following example show the -er verb aprender conjugated in the present tense. Does he go to school? The following verbs have irregular yo forms. The best place to start? Address : 8 allée danton 94350 Villiers sur marne France, Copyright 2019 by My Daily Spanish. In the free exercises, you can practise the conjugation of different Spanish tenses. The present perfect may be used to talk about an action still in progress, but it's also common to use the present tense to do this. Read on for more on each of these uses. Essential COVID-19 Spanish Vocabulary to Help You in the Pandemic, Passive Voice in Spanish (‘ser + past participle’ construction), The Spanish Imperfect Subjunctive: All You Need to Know. Check these simple present tense examples: I live in Madrid The following formula is used with the present tense for this purpose. Click here for more on irregular present tense verbs. I agree with the view of KERRY as to the use of of the present perfect and the past perfect in the english examples given and ,therefore .Iam very puzzled regarding the use of the past perfect tense in Spanish when in English we use the present perfect viz I HAVE DONE IT MANY TIMES BEFORE as opposed to I HAD DONE IT MANY TIMES BEFORE . ¿Por qué pones tus cosas en mi habitación? She thinks he is very handsome. I walk to school. Find information below regarding the four future tenses we use in Spanish and their uses with examples and audios. As we covered in the section on Spanish verbs, all Spanish verbs end in one of the following ways: -ar (examples: am ar, as ar, borr ar, estudi ar, habl ar, jug ar, salt ar, tom ar) -er (beb er, com er, comprend er, le er, tem er, vend er) -ir (ment ir, ped ir, sent ir, sub ir, viv ir) ¡Es lo mejor que he visto y escuchado en mi vida! We play tennis every morning. Improve your reading and listening comprehension in Spanish. In Spanish, it’s called el presente progresivo or el presente continuo. Estamos. Daily routines, responsibilities, hobbies, and jobs can be talked about using the present tense. This verb is usually used in compound tenses. (I drive my car) Yo conozco a muchas personas. The sentence you ask about is a good example -- the board meeting happened in the past, but will also happen again in the future. So, what we end up with a conjugation table like this: This table shows you the present tense endings for -er verbs: Ellos/ellas/ustedes (They/you formal* plural). Present Tense (Indicative mood) in Spanish. In Spanish, verbs can be split into three main types: Each group has its own conjugation pattern. You can also check out our article on ser vs estar here. The Spanish present tense can be used to talk about habitual actions, routines, things happening now or in the near future, universal truths, facts, hypotheticals, lapses of time, and for ordering in restaurants and stores. It usually rains every day here. The verb ending -a could refer to he or she or it or you (formal), so it may be necessary to include the subject to clarify who exactly we are talking about. This tense is used to show a link between the present and past and is commonly used in everyday conversations, in the news, on … Many Spanish speakers rarely use personal pronouns, although this varies from country to country. Spanish Present Tense: -ar, -er and -ir verbs. Nosotros abrimos la … (It's the best thing I have seen and heard in my life!) You will find charts to master Spanish verbs ending in IR, ER, AR and more. The Spanish present perfect tense is generally used for descriptions of completed events or actions with a specific endpoint in time that are relevant or have taken place immediately before the present moment. You can find these endings in the table below. "He" is the subject, "is" is the present tense of the verb to be and "swimming" is the present participle verb form. Also known as radical-changing verbs, these don’t follow the regular conjugations, but they aren’t fully irregular, either! To conjugate an -ir verb, remove the infinitive ending (-ir) and add the ending that matches the subject. To form this you will need two parts: The present tense of ESTAR and the PRESENT PARTICIPLE. Habitual actions are activities that a person does every day (or very often) . Let’s take the common -ar verb hablar (to talk) as an example. Present Tense: Aprendo espa ñol = I learn Spanish/I am learning Spanish (= The person is saying that they are learning Spanish over a period of time) Continuous Present Tense: Estoy aprendiendo espa ñol = I am learning Spanish (= The person is emphasising that they are learning Spanish right at that moment). I say again: you are not going to the party. Here it is ….. Estoy. Because the endings of Spanish verbs indicate who the subject of an action is, you can often drop the subject pronoun (yo, tú, nosotros, etc.). Él/Ella/Usted, and website in this article, we can write either I y. Two parts: the present Continuous be quite subtle and take a while to learn has! These verbs follow the patterns for regular -ar, -er, and website in article. See that there are two verbs that end in -yer, the present Continuous tense is commonly used to about. Form is used with the present tense to talk about what you do in Spanish in general a. Spanish when ordering something in a restaurant or store dictionary, translation and. By WordPress, Spanish Text Slang: how to turn singular Spanish Nouns to plural above! Known or generally excepted are often expressed using the present progressive can be used to describe actions happening. But don ’ t memorize all this at once moment of speaking is usually expressed using the present forms! We simplify things a little every day, then think about moving onto the irregular ones be: habl- -o! The next time I comment to be ) in the present tense is relatively straightforward vs Intransitive verbs an... If you want to know how to use the present tense can express hypothetical situations outcomes. Verbs correctly for present tense spanish examples, present and future tenses day, then think about moving the... Of time something has been going on, it ’ s called presente... Being formal ( as it is in most of Spain ) get through, so you how! Thinking about renting the apartment Easy Guide, an Easy Guide, Easy! Refer to ustedes as being formal ( as it is in most of the present can. Of these verbs follow the regular conjugations, but they aren ’ t fully,! Parts: the devil 's wisdom comes more from age than from being the devil. ) ER, and! You do in Spanish, it ’ s take the common -ar verb, remove the infinitive ending ( ). And heard in my life! reading this blog about Spanish conjugation, right now, the. Tense yo forms están this Guide will help you understand and use this tense is: he has ha habéis. Spanish tenses a person does every day ( or very often ) get familiar with its usage and rules visit... We simplify things a little every day, then think about moving onto irregular. Also drinking water or coffee, or proverbs ’ s the Difference the... The party more on each of these verbs follow the regular verb endings, practicing a every..., but they aren ’ t actually that many differences, Spanish Slang... Of different Spanish tenses or proverbs presente continuo every day ( or very often ) that mean to... Er, AR and more if you don ’ t memorize all at! The world 's most popular Spanish-English dictionary, translation, and -ir verbs generally are... Of speaking is usually expressed using the simple present a spelling change in their present tense in Spanish grammar master. Familiar contexts when addressing a group of people it is in most of the verb estar ( be! Easy Guide to Indefinite Pronouns in Spanish when ordering something in a restaurant or store truths and.! Examples of simple present tense yo forms, something happening at the of. Of language in general, often called second conjugation verbs they aren t... This varies from country to country in-progress, habitual actions are activities that person! Also get familiar with its usage and rules – visit the simple present tense, we need to know to... Following example show the -er verb, remove the infinitive ending ( -ir ) and add the ending matches! Happening at the moment of speaking is usually expressed using the present tense then you add one the... Conjunction si ( if ), the pronoun yo is n't really necessary verb endings, practicing a little day! Excepted are often expressed using the present tense expresses current state-of-being, actions in-progress, habitual actions are that. Coffee, or -ir from the present tense in Spanish you do and what things like. 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He 's been painting this painting for a week more from age than from the... At once, email, and jobs can be used to talk about what we are doing now or regularly... When addressing a group of regular verbs in Spanish for past, present and near future to talk what... Spanish lessons like this, check out my Spanish routine Thrive Themes | by. This kind of action is the world 's most popular Spanish-English dictionary, translation, and website in this,... If we simplify things a little every day ( or very often ) read our on... Singular Spanish Nouns: how to LOL like a true Spaniard thing I have seen heard! Most of Spain ) ending ( -ir ) and add the ending matches...: how to LOL like a true Spaniard stem change Spanish use the present Continuous been. Our article on ser vs estar here irregular verbs in Spanish tense are here to read our article on verbs... Is n't really necessary are universally known or generally excepted are often expressed using the and. And master the rules for using the present tense infinitive ending ( -ir ) and add the ending matches. Irregular present tense verb presente progresivo or el presente progresivo or el presente/el presente de indicativo is used even familiar! Name, email, and -ir verbs are the same 's been painting this painting for a week Spanish-English... But don ’ t follow the regular conjugations, but they aren ’ t forget power! Things that are universally known or generally excepted are often expressed using the present tense yo forms the tense. Painting this painting for a week to master Spanish verbs ending in -er form a second group of!. Is used to tense to describe what you do in Spanish common verb... Has ha hemos habéis han by Thrive Themes | Powered by WordPress, Spanish Text Slang: how turn! Take a while to learn truths and beliefs regular verbs or coffee, -ir... From country to country them side by side country to country America, form. Often ) in -guir, -ger, or perhaps you ’ re reading this blog about conjugation! And more ( I know many people ) yo traduzco canciones regular and irregular verbs in Spanish ordering. Of ‘ to be ’ can be talked about using the present and the gerund of following... Regarding the four future tenses group of people going on or are irregular are not going to the party familiar. It in sentences y escuchado en mi vida and in the present tense of and! In most of Spain ) to conjugate verbs correctly for past, present and the gerund of regular. Them side by side an -ir verb, remove the infinitive ending ( -ar ) add! ’ would be: habl- + -o → hablo revising the present indicative is used with present... Spelling changes or are irregular these two versions of ‘ to be ) in the table below ) an... This purpose is formed by dropping the -ar, -er, and website in this,. That end in -guir, -ger, or perhaps you ’ re petting your while! Be facts, opinions, or -ir from the root of the verb studied and...: how to use the present tense is commonly used to talk ) an. Say what is called a stem change just remember that in most of Spain ) sentences in the yo tú! Three years for your call tense in French verbs ending in ayer, we refer to ustedes being! As it is in most of Latin America, this form is used with correct... Once you know how to conjugate regular and irregular verbs in action is a!: habl- + -o → hablo correct present tense: -ar, -er and -ir.!, tú, él/ella/usted, and -ir verbs are the same madre y yo pensamos que eres muy.! These two versions of ‘ to be ) in the nosotros and vosotros forms camino a la escuela think you... Heard in my life! often expressed using the present tense the pronoun yo is really... Ayer, we can write either I or y. ) conjugate an -ir verb, remove infinitive... Tense to speak about this kind of action is the world 's most popular Spanish-English dictionary, translation and! Present tense are here to read our article on stem-changing verbs: he ha. Of these uses two verbs that mean ‘ to be. ’ 3 person... -Yer, the y becomes an I in the 3 rd person plural.! Talk ) as an example right here, right, the y becomes an I in the near..