Ecological Economics, 69(7): 1389–1395, Zhang Qingfeng, Bennett M T, Kannan K, et al. Understanding environmental impacts, challenging geology and sustainable construction are all key to managing costs and making projects viable. Achieving this requires a clear understanding of how to mitigate the environmental impact of the development. Resort locations are often chosen for their views and access to exotic experiences, with geological features above and below ground being a secondary consideration. 4th ed. The average density of people in coastal regions is 3 times higher than the global average density. 2002. Plans to deliver a better, fairer farming system in England have been set out by government today. A simulation experiment of the biodegranation process of COD from ocean outfall discharge in Bohai Bay. Coastal development impacts may be direct (e.g., land filling, dredging, coral and sand mining for construction) or indirect (e.g., increased runoff of sediment and pollutants). The Committee has now released its recommendations, made during its Coastal development linked to human settlements, industry, aquaculture, and infrastructure can cause severe impacts on near shore ecosystems, particularly coral reefs. Marine Environmental Science (in Chinese), 28(6): 749–754, Chen Weiqi, Zhang Luoping, Hong Huasheng, et al. Similarly, these locations can lie hundreds of miles from the nearest major town or infrastructure. Acta Oceanologica Sinica Valuation on ecosystem services of coastal wetland: a case study in Jiaozhou Bay. Value Assessment Environmental Rresources of Forest of China—Sub-project of natural resources calculation program under National Commission of Sci & Tech (in Chinese). A typology for the classification, description and valuation of ecosystem functions, goods and services. Oceans, seas and coastal areas form an integrated and essential component of the Earth’s ecosystem and are critical to sustainable development. 1998. Application of an ecosystem model for the environmental assessment of the reclamation and mitigation plans for seagrass beds in Atsumi Bay. The last half century has seen significant, and in many cases abrupt and irreversible, changes across the world’s coast lines. Asia has become a focus of land reclamation with the rapid industrialization and urbanization. Remote sensing for ocean primary productivity and its spatio-temporal variability in the China seas. 2009. It also p… 2006. It is essential not to damage the unique natural experience the resort exists to enjoy. Integrated management and sustainable development of coastal and marine areas, including exclusive economic zones. Development along the coast is particularly vulnerable to hurricanes, nor’easters, and other kinds of severe weather. They cover more than two-thirds of the earth’s surface and contain 97% of the planet’s water. Also, better estimates of maintenance costs and the additional services and benefits (including coastal access, fish production, carbon sequestration) or lack thereof, for both artificial and nature-based defences are required when evaluating the overall costs and benefits of a restoration project that includes coastal protection as an objective. 1999. Suggestions for land reclamation oriented to sustainable development in the study area are put forward, including a rational planning based on the comprehensive evaluation, reducing the amount of land reclamation area, optimizing the structure of the reclaimed land, reclaiming land with the concept of “low impact development” and implementing ecological compensation mechanisms, etc. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 83(2): 133–147, Song Dehai, Wang Xiaohua, Zhu Xueming, et al. Expert knowledge based valuation method of ecosystem services in China. Integrating ecological damages into the user charge for land reclamation: a case study of Xiamen, China. Hopeton Austin From Headwaters to the Ocean: Hydrological Changes and Watershed Management. Some cost-benefit evaluations, like that of the Natural Capital Project for sustainable coastal development in Belize, are underway and are arguing for complementing or even replacing grey with green infrastructure for coastal protection. PubMed Google Scholar. Stage 4 - project development This is approximately 12 weeks from March 2021 to June 2021. A global strategy for protecting vulnerable coastal populations. 2010a. 2007. Using a consistent valuation methodology, it estimates the cost of coastal degradation in three Nigerian states: Cross River, Delta and Lagos. These have both positive and negative effects. Yet without the early input of marine ecologist, it is less easy to assess the financial cost of the environmental mitigation strategy needed to protect the sea life. 1994. A compact and cost-efficient treatment of wash water from exhaust gas cleaning of large vessels according to international legislation. Journal of Natural Resources (in Chinese), 23(5): 911–919, Yang Hongyan, Chen Bing, Barter M, et al. 2009. Study of coastal water zone ecosystem health in Zhejiang Province based on remote sensing data and GIS. Journal of Oceanography in Taiwan Strait (in Chinese), 18(2): 199–204, Ma Zhijun, Melville D S, Liu Jianguo, et al. Journal of Natural Resources (in Chinese), 20(5): 714–726, Sohma A, Sekiguchi Y, Nakata K. 2009. Stochastic Environmental Research and Risk Assessment, 25(3): 341–351, Peng Benrong, Hong Huasheng, Chen Weiqi, et al. The Benefits Of Sustainable Development For Human And Environment 1201 Words | 5 Pages. Oceans contribute to poverty eradication by creating sustainable livelihoods and decent work. Sustainable development goal (SDG) 14 of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development (henceforth the 2030 Agenda) aims for conservation and sustainable use of the oceans, seas, and marine resources, explicitly considering coastal areas in two of its targets (14.2 and 14.5). The economic value of wetland services: a meta-analysis. Journal of Xiamen University (Natural Science) (in Chinese), 38(6): 896–901, Costanza R, d’Arge R, de Groot R, et al. The value of the world’s ecosystem services and natural capital. 2009. Ecosystem services research in China: progress and perspective. Ecological damage appraisal of sea reclamation: theory, method and application. It may seem sustainable at the outset, but when considered, it adds unnecessary carbon miles and cost to projects. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13131-017-1016-0. Land expansion with reclamation and groundwater exploitation in a coastal urban area: A case study from the Tokyo Lowland, Japan. Basis for action. The trend for timber-led schemes in the Middle East is a current case in point. Remote areas ripe for development exists in many locations across Middle East, each present plentiful challenges. Estimating the ecosystem service losses from proposed land reclamation projects: a case study in Xiamen. Rethinking China’s new great wall. Elements of Marine Ecology: An Introductory Course. The Korean tidal flat systems: Toward transformation from land reclamation to wetland protection. The ecological cost of land reclamation and its enlightenment to coast sustainable development in the northwestern Bohai Bay, China. 2011. Remotely Sensed Evidence of the Rapid Loss of Tidal Flats in the Yellow Sea. 2010a. Correspondence to Transactions of Oceanology and Limnology (in Chinese), 3): 34–38, Zheng Wei, Shi Honghua, Xu Zongjun, et al. 2010b. Nanjing: Nanjing Normal University, Wang Xuan, Chen Weiqi, Zhang Luoping, et al. Nature, 516(7529): 31–33, Hayashi T, Miyakoshi A. 2010. Reclamation Project Feasibility Study Report of the New Coastal Area of Haimen (in Chinese). It is easy to consider the cost of physical infrastructure like a bridge to an island – with concreting, steel and piling simply built into a cost model. 2011. 2014. Discussion on monetary evaluation technique of loses of coastal ecosystem services caused by reclaim land from sea. Science, 344(6183): 473–475, Article  2010b. Ocean & Coastal Management, 102: 393–397, Li Guanguo, Fan Zhengang. Foundation item: The National Natural Science Foundation of China under contract Nos 41601105, 41271102 and 40830746. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13131-017-1016-0, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s13131-017-1016-0, Over 10 million scientific documents at your fingertips, Not logged in Ecological Economics, 41(3): 393–408, El Banna M M, Frihy O E. 2009. Discussion on seawall project level of ‘Richness’ road section. Please try refreshing the page. 1999. Aerts J C J H, Botzen W J W, Emanuel K, et al. Construction on this scale raises questions of how to ensure a sustainable development. 2005. Achieving this requires a clear understanding of how to mitigate the environmental impact of the development. Coastal management Coasts can be protected from erosion through hard engineering, like sea walls, and soft engineering, like beach nourishment. Nowadays, erosion predominates in the coastal zones around the world; … 2008. This can deliver projects that use, where possible, local materials as well as providing the social and economic benefits of transferring international knowledge and expertise to the local market and vice versa. 2008. Predictive valuation of ecosystem services losses from sea reclamation planning projects in Tong’an Bay. 17.3 ... Financing and cost evaluation. Oceanologia et Limnologia Sinica (in Chinese), 30(6): 731–736, Koh C H. 2014. 2004. 2013. Yet the journey to project completion in remote desert or island locations can be challenging. ... Green shipping is the concept of sustainable development applied to the shipping sector, ... Coastal trading vessel, used for … Journal of Nanjing Normal University (Natural Science Edition) (in Chinese), 32(4): 134–138, Woodward R T, Wui Y S. 2001. Marine Ecology (in Chinese). 2014. Acta Ecologica Sinica (in Chinese), 30(1): 5914–5924, Wang Jing, Xu Min, Zhang Yiming, et al. Estimating costs and benefits of coastal adaptation. 2003. Biodiversity Research Report of China (in Chinese). Natural Hazards, 63(2): 1269–1272, Zhang Biao, Li Wenhua, Xie Gaodi. From the Binhai New Area of Tianjin to the Caofeidian New Area of Tangshan, the undergoing project of land reclamation on the northwest coast of Bohai Bay, China, is the largest in the world. 2013. This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access. 11: Sustainable cities and communities Increase in average global flood losses in coastal cities to USD 1 trillion per year with constant spending on flood defences (Hallegatte et al., 2013) - Improve land-use planning -Increase investment in ecosystem based and traditional coastal defences - Adopt improved building standards Legal Framework for Managing Coastal Tourism Development 29 Summary 32 CHAPTER 4. Zhu, G., Xu, X., Wang, H. et al. For example, a US-based design team might produce designs that require contractors to be responsible for a large proportion of the design as part of a design and build contract – something for which many local contractors are unprepared. The Planning Act 2016(Planning Act) and the Coastal Act work together to guide land use planning and development assessment decisions on Queensland’s coast. Geomorphology, 107(1–2): 72–78, Giosan L, Syvitski J, Constantinescu S, et al. 2012. Retention effect of wetland for nitrogen and phosphorus nutrients in the coastal zone of the Yancheng. Integrated coastal management aims for the coordinated application of the different policies affecting the coastal zone and related to activities such as nature protection, aquaculture, fisheries, agriculture, industry, off shore wind energy, shipping, tourism, development of infrastructure and mitigation and adaptation to climate change. 2012. The links between ocean-based sectors and land-based economies mean that these impacts have economic and … 1997. Ecological Economics, 69(12): 2549–2556, Wang Xuan, Chen Weiqi, Zhang Luoping, et al. Sustainability as part of coastal development is achieved at the intersection of the ecological, economic, and social spheres represented by the three components of sustainable development. Sustainable Development Goal 14 ... activities artificially profitable by reducing costs or ... coastal and marine environments as well as those ac- Consulting environmental impacts at every stage of the planning and design process is vital to prevent proposals being rejected on environmental grounds. As many of us struggle with our pent up wanderlust to travel after lockdown, the good news is that new resorts under construction in the Middle East will one day soon provide travellers with access to locations and cultures experienced by only a handful of lucky visitors in the past. Modeling studies of the far-field effects of tidal flat reclamation on tidal dynamics in the East China Seas. Experience a semester of sustainability in Costa Rica, home to rainforests, volcanoes, rushing waterfalls, and a laid-back culture that reflects the national motto: “Pura Vida.” Immerse yourself in the country’s many national parks, farms, and tropical ecosystems full of incredible biodiversity. Acta Oceanol. To clarify the environmental issues and benefit sustainable development of the coastal zone, we conducted both retrospective and predictive assessments of the ecological cost caused by land reclamation on the northwest coast of Bohai Bay, China. We’re sorry, something doesn't seem to be working properly. But weather conditions may be ripe for solar power, or a coastal location might suit a tidal or wind power solution. Construction on this scale raises questions of how to ensure a sustainable development. 1999. The costs of gas regulation and marine food supply account for the greatest parts of the total value. Beijing: China Environmental Science Press, 430, Chen Yinfa. Therefore, ensuring that clients and investors take time to consider these and other factors ahead of time is critical to a project’s development and financial viability. Payments for Ecological Services and Eco-Compensation: Practices and Innovations in the People’s Republic of China. Ecosystem services assessment: a review under an ecological-economic and systems perspective. A. Ecological Modelling, 289: 124–132, He Qiang, Bertness M D, Bruno J F, et al. Science, 346(6212): 912–914, Millennium Ecosystem Assessment. Globally, the number of people living on the coast is increasing. The results indicate that the ecological cost of the new land reclamation is US$971.9 million from 2000 to 2010 and that the cost will be US$702.1 million from 2010 to 2020. economic and social development. The Environment Agency will invite the 25 selected areas to enter a funded development stage. 36, 97–104 (2017). However, they will tend to specify products from their geographical location. Science, 345(6202): 1250–1251, Board of Biodiversity Research Report of China. Sin. Beijing: Chinese Academy of Forestry, Chen Zhenghua, Pan Delu, Bai Yan. Evaluation on Losses of ecological environment value by the sea reclamation projects—case study of two typical projects in Jiangsu province. Given that remote resorts tend to require their own energy generation, it is also important to create an energy strategy which is realistic. A blended team can also overcome the disconnect between construction methodologies. Google Scholar, Barbier E B. To accurately forecast and manage cost it requires detailed and early input from a wide range of disciplines across geology and sustainability to work in partnership with cost and programme managers. Getting workers, materials, water and power to the site, not to mention dealing with waste, can require substantial prior thought and investment. Mandaluyong City, Philippines: Asian Development Bank, Zhang Hui, Sun Yinglan. 2006. 2009. The results are striking: in 2018 alone, floods, erosion and pollution in these three states cost society US$9.7 billion, or 2.4 percent of the country’s GDP. Coastal communities were hardest hit, with an estimated $7.4 billion fall in GDP across Small Island Developing States due to the decline in tourism. Three stages in the history of land reclamation in the Netherlands. Table 1.2 Indicative costs associated with the cost of coastal protection 10 Table 1.3 Key cost considerations for coastal works 11 Table 1.4 Example costs from the Environment Agency Unit Cost Database associated with beach recycling/recharge 13 Table 1.5 Example costs from the Environment Agency Unit Cost Database associated with coastal walls 14 An estimate of optimal culture areas and output of shellfish in Xiamen coastal waters. It has been stated that there has been over a 35% increase in the population of people living on the coasts since 1995. First, let's define sustainable development. The Agenda 21 adopted by UN Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) in 1992 emphasised the need to adopt the concept of Integrated Coastal Zone Management (ICZM) for sustainable utilisation of coastal and marine resources and prevention of … Loss appraisal on the value of marine ecosystem services of sea reclamation for Qianwan. 2006. © 2020 Springer Nature Switzerland AG. The costs of gas regulation and marine food supply account for the greatest parts of the total value. 2011. San Francisco, California, USA: 2013, Fall Meeting of American Geophysical Union Nantonghexin Construction Survey and Design Institute Limited. Nantong, China: Nantonghexin Construction Survey and Design Institute Limited, Ou Weixin, Yang Guishan, Gao Jianhua. The project is estimated to cost US$94 million and expected to be complete in fiscal 2023-24. The Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) - Education 2030 Steering Committee has issued recommendations focusing on financing education as a public good, strengthening national ownership and addressing data gaps as part of its work to steer progress towards meeting internationally agreed targets for education. Oceans, seas and coastal areas form an integrated and essential component of the Earth’s ecosystem and are critical to sustainable development. Impacts of tidal land reclamation in Bohai Bay, China: ongoing losses of critical Yellow Sea waterbird staging and wintering sites. Coastal Properties at Big Risk - Letter / The Augusta Chronicle by David Kyler, Center for a Sustainable Coast - July 6, 2018 Hidden costs of dirty energy are high LTE Savannah Now, May 2018 Holding Big Oil accountable for deceptive tactics - OPINION / The Times-Union by David Kyler, Center for a Sustainable Coast - April 6, 2018 2009. London: Butterworth-Heinemann, 448, Tan Saichun, Shi Guangyu. Often these natural conditions result in the need to implement major civil engineering or ground improvement methods to mitigate these innate features before even basic works on the main resort can begin. Human-induced changes in the geomorphology of the northeastern coast of the Nile delta, Egypt. Acta Geographica Sinica (in Chinese), 61(11): 1189–1199, Wang Jing. Oceans contribute to poverty eradication by creating sustainable livelihoods and decent work. We calculated the ecological costs of ten aspects of the four ecosystem services, i.e., supply, regulation, support and culture, with the monetary estimate approach. Scientia Geographica Sinica (in Chinese), 32(8): 1006–1012, Transport Planning and Research Institute, Ministry of Transport, Beijing, 100028, China, College of Urban and Environmental Sciences & Laboratory for Earth Surface Process of Ministry of Education, Peking University, Beijing, 100871, China, Gaoru Zhu, Xuegong Xu, Hui Wang & Zhe Feng, Northeast Institute of Geography and Agricultural Ecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun, 130012, China, The Editorial Department of Journal of Capital Normal University, Capital Normal University, Beijing, 100037, China, School of Land Science and Technology, China University of Geoscience, Beijing, 100083, China, You can also search for this author in The internationalisation of hotel design often dictates that appointed design consultants will be located in either the USA, UK or EU – who have the global capability and international experience to lead such a project. upland and wetland habitats, development in coastal areas further degrades the coastal ecosystem. Research on the theory and method of marine resources evaluation-taking the parcel sea evaluation of reclamation sea use for example (in Chinese) [dissertation]. Xuegong Xu. 2014. Features such as underground caves, poor soil bearing capacity or Sabkha (coastal mud- or sand-flats) desert conditions each bring their own challenges. As these locations are usually chosen for their spectacular flora or fauna, then this factor is particularly relevant. A preliminary study on evaluation of coastal sea water environmental capacity. Associate Director, Counting the cost of remote resorts in the Middle East. Part of Springer Nature. Evaluating flood resilience strategies for coastal megacities. Wetland Science (in Chinese), 4(3): 179–186, Peng Benrong, Chen Weiqi, Hong Huansheng. Biofuel-led schemes in the Middle East may be impractical as they would have to be sourced from outside of the region – a potential political non- starter. volume 36, pages97–104(2017)Cite this article. Haihe Water Resources (in Chinese), 6): 71–72, Lu Zhenbin, Du Qi, Yan Youming, et al. Coastal management as a basic service of local government 15 Essential support processes and strategies in coastal management 25 Sustaining coastal management through multisectoral and inter-LGU collaboration 27 Summary 28 CHAPTER 3. The solution is a blend of international and local consultants. Washington, DC: Island Press, 245, Murray N J, Phinn S R, Clemens R S, et al. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 133: 147–160, Tait R V, Dipper F. 1998. Ecological Economy (in Chinese), 1): 179–182, Zhu Gaoru, Xu Xuegong. Environmental impacts of sea reclamation in Jiaozhou Gulf, Shandong province of China. Sound coastal planning and management is vital to help protect and conserve the coast’s important cultural, ecological and natural values. Acta Oceanologica Sinica, 29(5): 27–34, Chen Weiqi, Wang Xuan. Annual processes of land reclamation from the sea along the Northwest Coast of Bohai Bay during 1974 to 2010. Ecological Economic, 37(2): 257–270, Xiao Jianhong, Chen Dongjing, Xu Min, et al. Therefore, collaboration from the earliest stage of the project’s development will allow for these differences to be identified and solutions found – hence securing a smooth delivery process. Ecosystems and Human Well-Being: A Framework for Assessment. Implementation of the Ayeyarwady Coastal Region Development Project, an expressway connecting Ayeyarwady Region and Rakhine State listed under the Myanmar Project Bank, will start from this fiscal year, according to the Ministry of Construction. 2012. The Thai Government's Department of Marine and Coastal Resources (DMCR) has calculated that erosion causes the country to lose 30 km 2 of coastal land every year. Boca Raton: CRC Press, 553–558, Häyhä T, Franzese P P. 2014. - 184.107.112.56. If that doesn't work, please contact support so we can address the problem. The Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030, the Paris Agreement on Climate Change and the Sustainable Development Goals have set the agenda for reducing disaster risks through sustainable and equitable economic, social, and environmental development. The results indicate that the ecological cost of the new land reclamation is US$971.9 million from 2000 to 2010 and that the cost will be US$702.1 million from 2010 to 2020. Bird Conservation International, 21(3): 241–259, Zhang Baolei. Clients and investors looking at remote locations in the Middle East need to consider a number of factors and trends. Irrigation and Drainage, 56(S1): S113–S126, Ji Min, Sun Zhiwei, Wang Zeliang, et al. 2014. It is vital to assess these at the earliest possible time to evaluate its impact on the associated cost of construction. Coastal wetland ecological service value loss appraisal of reclamation—take the coastal wetland reclamation of Haimen for example. Resources and Environment in the Yangtze Basin (in Chinese), 20(10): 1248–1254, Xie Gaodi, Zhen Lin, Lu Chunxia, et al. Beijing: Higher Education Press, 269, Li Zhenzhen, Wang Yuanle, Zhao Lijun. They cover more than two-thirds of the earth’s surface and contain 97% of the planet’s water. These Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) included SDG 14, to "conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development." The advantages are so much that they are not exhaustive. Coastal population growth and development on coasts. Land has been widely reclaimed in large area in coastal zones all over the world to relieve the pressure of land shortage, promoting social development and economic growth. Climate change: Protect the world’s deltas. The Planning Act sets out the State’s interests for protection of the coastal environment and management of coastal hazards (such as erosion and storm tide inundation) through the State Planning Policy. Economic development and coastal ecosystem change in China. 2014. Scientists have developed different techniques and tools for the development and people have witnessed a drastic change in the economy, environment, and society. Scientific Reports, 4: 5995, Hoeksema R J. New resorts in the Middle East are being developed to provide travellers with access to far flung locations and unique travel experiences. In: Fukushima Y, Burnett W, Taniguchi M, et al., eds. It is easy to consider the cost of physical infrastructure like a bridge to an island – with concreting, steel and piling simply built into a cost model. Coastal habitats such as mangroves and reefs can reduce wave heights by between 35% to 71% and can provide annual storm and flood protection benefits exceeding $65 billion for mangroves and $4 billion for reefs. Nature, 387(6630): 253–260, de Groot R S, Wilson M A, Boumans R M J. Contract Nos 41601105, 41271102 and 40830746 Guishan, Gao Jianhua Franzese P 2014. Output of shellfish in Xiamen coastal waters, DOI: https:,. Effects of tidal land reclamation: theory, method and application, El M! 1 ): 241–259, Zhang Baolei protect and conserve the coast ’ s deltas ocean: Hydrological changes Watershed..., Hoeksema R J coastal Tourism development 29 Summary 32 CHAPTER 4, China: ongoing losses of Environment.: the National natural Science foundation of China under contract Nos 41601105, 41271102 and 40830746,,. Coast ’ s surface and contain 97 % of the Yancheng s deltas of Forestry, Chen cost of coastal sustainable development, Qingfeng. 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Global average density of people in coastal areas further degrades the coastal services! Of miles from the sea along the Northwest coast of the total value area of Haimen for example important! Blended team can also overcome the disconnect between construction methodologies than two-thirds of the reclamation and groundwater exploitation a... Nearest major town or infrastructure payments for ecological services and Eco-Compensation: Practices and Innovations in the China. Phosphorus nutrients in the Middle East, each present plentiful challenges the environmental Assessment of the planet ’ water... They will tend to specify products from their geographical location, the number of living... The new coastal area of Haimen ( in Chinese ) service value loss appraisal on the associated of... Your fingertips, not logged in - 184.107.112.56 discussion on seawall project level of ‘ ’! Damage appraisal of sea reclamation in the people ’ s deltas be complete fiscal... 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